There are many types of wooden furniture, and the choice of wooden furniture is indeed a problem for many people.
Especially in the chaotic market, diverse crafts, and rich materials, each wooden furniture has different characteristics and different styles.
In fact, the most important thing when choosing wooden furniture is material.
Today, there are countless wooden furniture materials on the furniture market that dazzle you.
Therefore, we combine the 9 types of wooden furniture that are widely used today, analyze and interpret them one by one, and combine your decoration style and budget to see which material is best for you!
1. Black Walnut
Black walnut is a more precious material in furniture. It is mainly produced in North America.
The sapwood is milky white, and the core material ranges from light brown to deep chocolate.
The texture of black walnut is generally straight, sometimes with curled or wavy lines, forming a pleasing decorative pattern.
Black walnut has good decorative stability and is not easily deformed.
It is the fine wood for making furniture.
Black walnut is widely used in home decoration for its unique color.
But most black walnut furniture is more literary, more suitable for Japanese style literary home decoration.
Plus the preciousness of black walnut.
Therefore, we can see that the price of black walnut furniture on the market will be higher.
When you choose, you can choose according to the situation.
Advantages: Black walnut furniture has a calm color and beautiful texture.
The furniture made by it is elegant and generous, and the material itself is cracked, which is more popular among the public.
Disadvantages: Black walnut furniture needs good maintenance and the general price is high.
Raw material price: Black walnut wood 10000-13000 ¥/m³ (FAS level)
2. White Oak
Oak has a distinctive mountain-shaped wood grain.
The color and appearance of white oak are similar to that of European oak.
The sapwood is light in color, the heartwood is light brown to dark brown, the white oak appears more in straight lines.
The texture is medium to rough, and the pith beam is significantly longer than red oak.
As a result, white oak is much more noticeable than red oak.
Nowadays, the common white oak homes on the market are fully assembled and spliced, and the surface of the white oak furniture can be clearly seen.
In general, the furniture of the whole wood is very small, and the craftsmanship and materials are very particular, and the solid wood of the whole board is easy to crack and deform.
So nowadays, there is more white oak spliced furniture on the market.
Advantages: White oak furniture has a firm texture, high abrasion resistance, and long service life.
Disadvantages: The wood is very dry, so the shrinkage rate is relatively large, and the performance is easy to change, which is very unfavorable for cutting and cutting.
Raw material price: white oak 7000-10000 ¥/m³ (FAS level)
3. Red Oak
Red oak is very different from white oak.
Red oak is widely distributed in the eastern United States.
The wood is hard and heavy, and the wood is dry slowly.
Some red oak wood grain is similar to ash in the case of lacquer, but the red oak wood grain tends to have a little bit of texture, and the ash is not.
Most people think that the furniture of red oak will be darker in color.
In fact, this statement is not completely correct.
Generally speaking, the color, texture, characteristics, and nature of red oak will vary with the place of origin.
So the choice of wood It is not necessarily distinguished by its color.
The color characteristics of the red oak furniture are very obvious, the color is deep, and the little texture can be clearly seen.
Advantages: The wood of Red oak furniture is stable and hard, highly absorbent and resistant to corrosion.
Disadvantages: The texture of red oak furniture is relatively heavy. If imported red oak, the price is also high.
Raw material price: Red oak 6000-9000 ¥/m³ (FAS level)
4. Chinese Ash
Chinese ash is stable in wood and is not easy to crack and deform.
It’s the finest material for furniture, and its wood material is tough and beautiful in texture.
The preferred material for making furniture.
Compared with pine wood, the furniture of ash is harder and more wear-resistant; compared with mahogany furniture, ash has a certain advantage in price.
The ash is also different in the material due to its different distribution areas.
In general, Russian ash is widely used in furniture, because the trees in the cold zone are relatively slow, so the trees are relatively strong and suitable for furniture.
Applying Russian ash material to furniture, in addition to a clear and beautiful texture, its stability is also stronger.
Advantages: The ash is generally grown in a humid temperate zone, and its furniture is not only elastic but also very resistant to abrasion and humidity.
Disadvantages: The deformation and shrinkage of ash are large, making all solid wood furniture, mostly made of splicing.
Raw material price: Chinese ash 4500-5500¥/m³ (FAS level)
Beech is prolific in the south of China, but it is not a unique tree species in China.
The famous foreign Beech is produced in the German Alps and also in Japan and other places.
Although Beech is not a luxurious wood, it is widely used in traditional furniture in the Ming and Qing Dynasties.
Beechwood is tight and heavy, the wood grain is thin and straight, and the tissue structure is less.
Chinese Beechwood is loose, lightweight, wood grain is not obvious, the tissue structure is more plaques and there is a color difference when comparing Easy to distinguish.
As we said before, the frequency of Beech material used in the Ming and Qing Dynasties is relatively high.
Especially the use of such a type of Y chair, the material of the German Beech.
it’s unique pagoda-shaped texture not only shows the full aristocratic atmosphere.
It’s also a good choice to match the new Chinese style home decoration style.
Advantages: Beech is sturdy and heavy, easy to bend under steam, making it easy to make different types of furniture.
Disadvantages: Beech is prone to cracks and deformation in the case of drying, affecting the appearance and use.
Raw material price: Beech 5500-7500¥/m³ (FAS level)
Ash is grown in parts of North America and Europe.
And the wood is usually straight and has a rough, uniform texture.
Good processing performance can be fixed with nails, screws, and glue, and can be dyed and polished to obtain a good surface.
The appearance of ash is similar to that of European acacia wood.
The heartwood varies from light brown to dark brown.
The wood grain is obvious and the wood is tough and elastic.
The ash wood furniture is more beautiful in appearance, and its gloss is very high.
On this furniture, the neat and interlaced wood grain can be clearly seen, forming a natural and original embellishment.
The whole body of the furniture is made of ash wood, and the performance changes are small.
The simple shape and the pure wood make the matching style more diverse.
Advantages: The density of ash wood material is relatively high, the strength and hardness are also very high, and the mechanical strength is also very high, which is very suitable for making furniture.
Disadvantages: The drying performance of ash wood materials is relatively poor, and if it’s not handled well, the cracking deformation will occur.
Raw material price: Ashwood 6500-9000¥/m³ (FAS level)
Elmwood is a more expensive material in furniture wood.
Elm is tough wood, with clear texture, moderate hardness, and strength, and can adapt to different engraving needs.
Elmwood’s furniture is generally old-fashioned, whether it is furniture or some craft products, giving a tough and rough visual experience.
The biggest difference between Elm furniture and other solid wood furniture is the price.
Elm can be said to be one of the most expensive woods in solid wood furniture.
In addition to Elm’s unique growth habits, it is also rustic and calm. Just like the feel of this table, the calm Elm texture has a deep sense of time.
Advantages: Elmwood is tough, with high mechanical strength, strong corrosion resistance, moderate hardness and strength, very suitable for engraving, and very collectible value.
Disadvantages: Elm has a low material extraction rate, so the selection of materials is very important.
The clearer the texture, the thicker the furniture, the higher the price of furniture products.
Raw material price: old elm 8000-10000¥/m³ (FAS level)
Pine is one of the most widely used woods in furniture.
A natural and original furniture material.
It’s also a kind of zero-pollution furniture material.
It’s relatively low in the market, so it is highly regarded by the furniture industry.
Nowadays, many furniture items on the market are made of Pine.
Compared with other materials of furniture, pine furniture on price belongs to the high-cost performance and the most widely used.
The characteristics of this Pinewood Corner a few is very obvious, modeling is simple and easy, the smooth line is full.
All show good texture, high-cost performance.
Advantages: Pine furniture has strong elasticity and breathability, good thermal conductivity and requires only simple maintenance.
Disadvantages: The material of pine is soft wood, easy to crack and deform for a long time, and the moisture content is too high and it is easy to cause cracking.
Raw material price: pine 3000-4000¥/m³ (FAS level)
9. Cherry wood
Cherry wood, also known as the American black cherry.
Cherry wood is one of the solid wood materials and can be regarded as the best.
The main producing area of cherry wood is in North America, and the main producing area is mainly in the eastern US.
From the perspective of solid wood texture, there are black spots in the cherry wood, and other woods do not have this feature.
The furniture of cherry wood is yellowish in color, and there are small black spots in the wood.
It’s well recognized when it is selected.
Cherry wood is rare in furniture, relatively speaking, more high price.
It selects the cherry wood desk has very obvious characteristics.
Whether it’s wood small black spots, or yellow color and luster, can reveal the style of life.
Advantages: Cherry wood is naturally born with brown tree heart spots and tiny gum nests.
The texture is delicate and clear, suitable for high-end furniture.
Disadvantages: Cherry wood is easy to warp, and the wood is precious and relatively higher in price.
Raw material price: cherry wood 8000-10000¥/m³ (FAS level)
10. Additional furniture wood material knowledge
1. Raw materials
At the longitudinal division (sawing) of saw log parts and at the longitudinal or transverse cutting of obtained parts.
We get sawn timber, which includes lumber, veneer, blanks, sleepers, etc.
There are many variations to cutting patterns, which depend on the log and the end use of the lumber.
There are three common methods of sawing logs:
Rift sawing, Plain sewing, and Quarter sawing.
- Rift sawing
Rift sawing is a technique of radially sawing logs in a purpose to obtain boards.
So the annual rings are located nearly 90° to the faces.
This method produces the most quantity of waste, increasing the cost of this lumber.
- Plain Sawing
Plain sawing is the most common and affordable method to mill a log into planks.
Moreover, it is the fastest way to slice the boards.
Plain sawn has really attractive (cathedral) appearance.
- Quarter Sawing
Quarter sawing is more complicated than plain sawing.
It’s produced by cutting a log lengthwise into quarters.
Then create a series of parallel cuts, with the middle cut being perpendicular to the tree’s rings.
One disadvantage of this method is that it leaves some scrap.
2. Types of materials
Different kinds of materials used in furniture manufacturing such us:
Particleboard, Fiberboard, HDF, MDF, Plywood, Veneer.
- Particle Board (chipboard)
Particleboard is a wood plate manufactured from wood chips, sawmill shavings, or even sawdust, made by hot pressing.
Particleboard is manufactured with one-, three-, five- and multilayers, coated and uncoated; ground and unpolished; flat molded and extruded; painted and laminated (film, paper).
The plates vary in properties and purpose: they may be antiseptic and reinforced, water-repellent, with high resistant to fire and water.
This term includes hardboard and medium-density fiberboard.
Fiberboard is a wood product that is manufactured from wood fibers by compressing.
HDF (high-density fiberboard)
The production process of the material made by compressing shredded conifer fibers.
In fact, the plate HDF is a modified analog of MDF with improved properties.
It’s density parameters are higher than the same parameters of classical MDF.
MDF (Medium-density fiberboard)
This kind of plate is made of very small sawdust.
Wood particles are held together by lignin and paraffin so that the MDF is very eco-friendly material.
Plywood is a layered glued wood veneer of sheets of birch, alder, ash, elm, oak, beech, linden, aspen, poplar, maple, spruce, pine, fir, cedar, and larch.
Plywood consists of three or more sheets of veneer, with the grain direction of adjacent layers oriented perpendicular to one another.
Veneers are very thin layers made from the logs by mounting on a lathe machine and are rotated about their longitudinal axis.
While a cutter peels off thin layers.
To produce the veneer of better quality slice-cutting method instead of a rotary-cutting method is used.
It’s usually glued over lesser quality wood surfaces to enhance their beauty and richness.
Now It’s Your Turn!
Did you learn something new from 9 types of wooden furniture?
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